Scientific thinking is a way of careful and logical thinking. It is the process by which knowledge and understanding are developed in the mind. It is generated by cognitives. Man, as we know, is a social animal. But in fact he is a rational animal. Man is social, no doubt but he is social because he is rational. Had he not been rational,he would not have been social. His rationality consists in his ability to think and reason. He is able to think clearly and make decisions based on reason. Man is the only being endowed with higher power of memory. It helps him to take part in thinking, reasoning and imagination. It is because of these faculties that he is superior to and different from other animals. That is why he is called the crown of creation. Man is the highest workmanship of God. He got this honour because of certain qualities in him. These qualities are called human values. Love, peace, truth, righteous conduct, character, patience, perseverance, honesty, sacrifice etc are numerous such qualities as are worthy of human values. These values separate human beings from other animals.Without these man can be placed in the category of animals. Man is a man not because of his appearance or countenance but because of his behaviour that makes him a man and bestow on him the epithet of manhood. These values are generated by feelings. They are moral judgments and are the moral aspects of our culture. The progress of human civilisation is the result of scientific thinking. It is the outcome of human urge to do something new. Had it not been so, the human race would have remained in its uncivilized state. Scientific thinking ensures a continuous enhancement in the quality of life. But at the same time values are equally important. Precarious imbalance in these two aspects of human life may lead to hazardous consequences in all walks of life. We have to create an awareness where scientific thinking and value education coexist. Degeneration of value system with respect to social, moral and cultural aspects of modern society has led to spurt in crime and violence everywhere.